Chairman’s Message

 

Advances in telecommunication & information technology (ICT) have done more than anything else to drive the present economic boom and the integration of markets around the planet. Since telecommunications play an important role in the development of ICT as well as socio-economic condition of a country, development of telecommunication is essential.

 

Bangladesh Telegraph & Telephone Board (BTTB), the public sector telephone service provider, is doing the best with its limited resources to provide most advanced telecommunication services to its valuable subscribers.

 

BTTB has a firm policy to digitalize the complete network as soon as possible. Digitalization of BTTB network started back in the year 1983 and over the past few years, the installation of digital equipment has been increased considerably. In the mean time, all the district headquarters & 394 upazilla/ growth centres have been equipped with digital exchanges. Remaining upazillas will have digital exchange very soon.

 

In the age of information technology (IT), a robust and efficient national transmission system is required to support telecommunication and data communications, as well as the IT activities of a country. With this end in view BTTB is gradually installing and expanding Optical Fiber network and microwave links throughout the country. Initiative has been taken to install optical fibre based access network.

 

BTTB has started providing Internet services. At present, the services cover all district headquarters and 394 upazilla/growth centres. Plans are under way to extend the facilities to all upazilla headquarters very soon. BTTB is providing broadband data service and at present, there are 71 DDN nodes at 41 districts.

 

BTTB has joined the SEA-ME-WE-4 Submarine Cable Consortium in 2002. Consortium Submarine Cable has been formally inaugurated on May, 2006 and connected the country to the global information super highway enabling better overseas gate-way facilities for data communications as well as voice communications for public and private operators. To connect the whole country with this Submarine Cable, different activities are taken. Besides BTTB, ISPs & different organizations are enjoying the service of submarine cable.

 

BTTB is implementing “10 (ten) lacs T & T Mobile phone (1st phase 2.5 lacs)” project. A Public Ltd. Company namely “TELETALK Bangladesh Ltd” is providing Mobile Phone service to people. Programm has been taken to expand the service of the company.

 

In the mean time, Pre-paid Calling Card service in the country & Pre-paid telephone service are launched.

 

BTTB is committed to expand the Telecommunication network of the country by introducing latest technology and also to contribute a sizable amount of revenue to Govt. exchequer. Besides this, BTTB has taken a step for project named “INFOBAHAN” for development and expansion of ICT. BTTB expects to maintain its leadership role in telecom sector in the present multi-operator competitive environment.

 

I hope that, this Annual Report will be helpful for better understanding of the activities of the BTTB. Due to some unavoidable circumstances the Annual Report could not be published earlier, although we put our best efforts to minimize delay. However, there might be some shortcomings in the report. I would earnestly request the readers to view it leniently and advise us for its better presentation in the years to come.

 

 

 

( Md. Ashraful Alim )

CHAIRMAN

Bangladesh T & T Board, Dhaka.


 

 

COMPOSITION OF BANGLADESH TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE BOARD

(Fiscal year 2006-2007)

 

 

A. CHAIRMAN

 

Mr. Aliwardy Khondaker (Up to 29-04-2007)

Mr. Anwarul Azim (From 03-05-2007)

 

 

B. FULL TIME MEMBERS:

1. MEMBER (ADMINISTRATION)

Mr. D. M. Moudud Chowdhury.

 

2. MEMBER (PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT),

Mr. Anwarul Azim (Up to 03-05-2007)

Mr. Md. Ashraful Alim (From 03-05-2007)

 

3. MEMBER (MAINTENANCE & OPERATION),

Mr. S. M. Munir Ahmed (Up to 13-09-2006)

Mr. Md. Ashraful Alim. (From 13-09-2006)

 

4. MEMBER (FINANCE)

Mr. Jamil Osman.

 

 

C. PART TIME MEMBERS:

 

1. Mr. M. H. Farhad Khan, DG-I, Chief Advisor’s office, Dhaka.

2.                    Mr. Ali Akbar Hossain Akand, Member-1, Land Appeal Board

(Ex. JS, ERD, M/O. Finance).

 

3. Major Abu Zafar Md. Salahuddin, TE, Signals, General staff officer-II, Signals

Directorate, AHQ, Dhaka.


 

PERFORMANCE AT A GLANCE

 

SERVICE CATEGORY

2005-2006

2006-2007

TELEPHONE SERVICES

No. of Telephone Exchanges.

731

711

Exchange capacity

12,03,057

13,28,813

Telephone connections

8,89,174

8,77,522

Public Call Office

695

695

Card phones

1,056

1,005

 

TELEGRAPH AND TELEX SERVICES

Inland Telegraph Office

848

574

International Telegraph Office

01

01

Inland Te legram (messages)

104,986

54,425

International Telegram (Messages)

17,228

3,268

 

INTERNET SERVICES

Internet Capacity

Satellite

(24+8) MBPS

(24+8) MBPS

Submarine Cable

2 × STM-1

4 × STM-1

Internet Connection

 

20,848

25,000

 

OVERSEAS CIRCUITS

Voice Circuits

10,467

15,978

 

NATIONAL AUTO TRUNK

NWD Circuits Capacity

68,930

79,977

NWD Circuits Working

47,123

50,541

 

Annual Development Program

Number of Development Projects

11

09

Allotment (Tk. in Million)

7003.60

4635.10

Expenditure (Tk. in Million)

5105.86

3993.80

Revenue

Non Tax Revenue (Tk. in Million)

13162.75

16667.11

 

 

 

 

 


 

1. BACKGROUND OF BANGLADESH TELEGRAPH & TELEPHONE BOARD.

 

1.1. Historical Background of Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board:

 

The Telegraph branch under the Posts and Telegraph Department was created in 1853 in the then British India and was regulated afterwards under the Telegraph act of 1885. This telegraph branch was reconstructed in 1962 in the then Pakistan as Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department. After the independence of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Department was set up under the ministry of Posts and Telecommunications to run the Telecommunications services in Bangladesh. This was converted into a corporate body named ‘Telegraph and Telephone Board’ by promulgation of Telegraph and Telephone Board Ordinance, 1975. In Pursuance of Ordinance No. XII of 1979 promulgated on 24th February, 1979; Telegraph and Telephone Board was converted to “Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board” as a Government Board.

 

1.2 Organizational Structure of Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board:

 

Bangladesh T&T Board is run as a government establishment under the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MOPT). The Board Comprises of 1 (one) Chairman, 4 (four) full time members and 3 (three) part-time members, all are appointed by the government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh .

 

1.3 Privatization & Regulatory structure of Telecommunication Services:

 

The Telecom. sector of the country has been liberalized for private investment. Bangladesh T&T Board provides all types of telecommunication services in urban and rural areas while the mobile, paging and radio trunk services are offered by private operators. Recently a mobile phone service is being provided through Public Ltd. Co named `Teletalk’ under the management of the government. Public/ Private operators were also given license to install and operate digital exchanges in rural areas and they would install telephone exchanges in phases. Table-1 shows the list of the private & public operators in 2005-2006.

Table-1

Private Cellular Telecom. Operators in Bangladesh

 

S/N

Name of the Operators

Function

1

Pacific Bangladesh Telecom. Limited (PBTL).

Provide Cellular Radio Telephone services.

2.

Grameen Phone Ltd.

Provide Cellular Radio Telephone services.

3

Seba Telecom. (Pvt.) Ltd.(Bangla Link)

Provide Rural Telecom.Services in 199 Upazilla’s and Cellular Mobile Radio telephone systems.

4.

Telecom. Malaysia International Ltd. (TMI)

Provide Cellular Mobile Radio telephone systems.

5

WARID Telecom. Ltd.

Paging, Radio Trunking & Riverine Telecom. services.

Public Limited Co.

1.

TeleTalk Bangladesh Ltd.

Provide Cellular Radio Telephone services.

Private fixed phone operators

1.

Seba Telecom. Pvt. Ltd. (ISL)

Established, Operation & Maintenance of Digital Telephone in 246 Upazilla’s (Rural area).

2.

Ranks Telecom. Ltd.

Installation & Operation of Telephone by fixed/ Wireless local loop in different geographical areas.

3.

Dhaka Telephone Co. Ltd.

DO

4.

M/s. Westek Ltd.

DO

5.

Telebarta Ltd.

DO

6.

M/s. Jalalabad Telecom. Ltd.

DO

7.

National Telecom. Ltd.

DO

8.

Onetel Communications Ltd.

DO

9.

SA Telecom. Ltd.

DO

10.

Squar Informatix Ltd.

DO

1 1.

People’s Telecom.

DO

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.0 TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES PROVIDED BY BTTB

 

2.1 Telephone Exchange Status of The Bangladesh T&T Board

 

At the end of 2006-2007 fiscal year Bangladesh T&T Board had 711 telephone exchanges with total capacity of 1328,813 lines. BTTB started operating digital local exchanges after installation of six NEC- NEAX 61E exchanges in the Dhaka Telecom. Region Network in 1990-91 fiscal year with initial total capacity of 26,000 lines. Upto 2006-2007 financial year, 554 (Five fifty ffour) number local digital exchanges were installed in Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Rangpur & Sylhet Telecom. Regions respectively. Exchange status of BTTB as on June, 2006 and June, 2007 are given in the following Table-2 and Table -3 respectively.

Table-2

BTTB Telephone Exchange Status as on 30 June, 2006.

 

Region

Type

Number

Capacity

Connection

Pending demand

 

 

Dhaka (S/N/E/W/Cen)

Magneto

26

1962

1,550

 

 

54,211

 

C.B

04

480

394

 

Auto(Analog)

05

2,000

1,656

 

Auto(Digital)

141

604,908

538,665

 

SUB-TOTAL

176

609,350

542,265

 

 

 

Chittagong

Magneto

51

2,732

1,998

 

 

26,028

 

C.B

18

2,610

1,560

 

Auto(Analog)

13

3,800

2,473

 

Auto(Digital)

73

228,153

132,114

 

SUB-TOTAL

155

237,295

138,145

 

 

 

Khulna

Magneto

34

1,889

1,102

 

 

2,560

 

C.B

23

2,930

1,828

 

Auto(Analog)

10

3,600

1,937

 

Auto(Digital)

112

120,586

70,301

 

SUB-TOTAL

180

129,005

75,168

 

 

 

Rajshahi

Magneto

09

484

334

 

 

1,311

 

C.B

13

1615

829

 

Auto(Analog)

01

500

321

 

Auto(Digital)

53

58,697

33,201

 

SUB-TOTAL

76

61,296

34,693

 

 

 

Rangpur

Magneto

11

510

327

 

 

686

 

C.B

09

1,046

709

 

Auto(Analog)

02

800

338

 

Auto(Digital)

67

73,763

36,836

 

SUB-TOTAL

90

76,119

38,210

 

 

Sylhet

Magneto

13

720

592

 

 

8,692

 

C.B

04

150

127

 

Auto(Analog)

01

-

-

 

Auto(Digital)

38

74,148

39,002

 

SUB-TOTAL

56

75,018

39,721

 

 

Country

Total

Magneto

146

8,820

6,015

 

 

94,461

 

C.B

71

9,568

5,800

 

Auto(Analog)

32

12,600

8,167

 

Auto(Digital)

484

11,72,069

8,69,192

 

GRAND TOTAL

731

12,03,057

8,89,174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table-3

BTTB Telephone Exchange Status as on 30 June, 2007.

 

Region

Type

Number

Capacity

Connection

Pending demand

 

 

Dhaka (S/N/E/W/Cen)

Manual

17

1,177

793

 

 

31,403

 

Auto(Analog)

01

200

49

 

Auto(Digital)

160

678,059

547,089

 

SUB-TOTAL

178

679,436

547,931

 

 

 

Chittagong

Manual

77

3,964

2,194

 

 

11,314

 

Auto(Analog)

06

1,100

292

 

Auto(Digital)

54

249,057

137,334

 

SUB-TOTAL

137

254,121

139,820

 

 

 

Khulna

Manual

32

2,535

795

 

 

945

 

Auto(Analog)

00

00

00

 

Auto(Digital)

158

167,606

80,941

 

SUB-TOTAL

190

170,141

81,736

 

 

 

Rajshahi

Manual

11

1,041

194

 

 

21

 

Auto(Analog)

00

00

00

 

Auto(Digital)

65

64,417

32,236

 

SUB-TOTAL

74

65,458

32,430

 

 

 

Rangpur

Manual

12

868

347

 

 

86

 

Auto(Analog)

00

00

00

 

Auto(Digital)

65

79,892

35,204

 

SUB-TOTAL

76

80,760

35,551

 

 

Sylhet

Manual

01

140

135

 

 

7,566

 

Auto(Analog)

00

00

00

 

Auto(Digital)

37

78,762

39,851

 

SUB-TOTAL

38

78,902

39,986

 

 

Country

Total

Manual

150

9,720

4,526

 

51,335

 

Auto(Analog)

07

1,300

341

 

Auto(Digital)

554

1317,793

872,655

 

GRAND TOTAL

711

1328,813

877,522

 

 

2.2 Public Telephones:

 

Several years back, public telephone services used to be provided through Coin Boxes in the urban areas and land line/ wireless Public Call Offices (P.C.O`s) in the rural areas. Service quality of these public telephones had been far from satisfactory. To improve the public telephone service, Cardphone systems were introduced in 1992 with programs of replacing the old coin boxes and P.C.O’s . By June 2007, about 1,005 Card Phone booths were installed in different parts of the country . All Cardphones have access to nation wide dialing facility. Due to better and easy public accessibility to telephone, this Cardphone service has become popular in the country. A program of installing card phones has been taken to cover all upazilla’s and rural growth centers of the country.

 

2.3 Telegraph Services.

 

Telegraph system, the oldest means of telecommunication service, is loosing importance gradually due to introduction of more modern telecommunication systems. In the fiscal year 2006-2007, the total number of domestic telegram messages were 54,425 and that of international telegram was 3,268 Number of Telegraph Offices were 575. A comparison of year wise telegram messages are shown in Table-4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table - 4

Year wise Telegram Messages.

 

Year

No. of National Messages

No. of International Messages

2002-2003

282,042

36,516

2003-2004

268,438

25,377

2004-2005

177,319

6,508

2005-2006

104,986

17,228

2006-2007

54,425

3,268

 

2.4 Nation Wide Dialing (NWD) Services.

 

In Bangladesh Nation-wide long distance telephone dialing system was first introduced in 1983 employing NEAX-61E version of NEC exchange to link all the major cities of the country. Before that there were Subscribers Trunk Dialing (STD) services based on Analog EMD toll switching system to link only a few cities of the country. By June, 2007; 458 stations including all district headquarters and 394 Upazillas/ Growth centres were brought under direct dialing system. Total 50,541 NWD circuits were working by June, 2007. Details about the circuits are given in Table -5.

 

Table -5

Capacity & Working Circuits in the Trunk Automatic Exchanges (TAX’s) as on 30 June, 2007.

 

Name of TAX

Capacity

Working Circuits

Total

KT

E-10

ZTE

 

AXE-10

S-12

KT

E-10

ZTE

 

AXE-10

S-12

Capa-city

Working

Dhaka

-

8,296

-

11,529

-

-

7,442

-

10523

-

19,825

17,965

Chittagong

9,682

4,880

-

-

-

5,460

4,148

-

-

-

14,562

9,608

Bogra

-

4,880

-

-

-

-

3,843

-

-

-

4,880

3,843

Barisal

-

-

2,135

-

-

-

-

1,830

-

-

2,135

1,830

Kushtia

-

-

840

-

-

-

-

684

-

-

840

684

Comilla

-

-

1,098

-

-

-

-

1,098

-

-

1,098

1,098

Sylhet

-

5,120

-

-

-

-

896

-

-

-

5,120

896

Khulna

-

4,096

-

-

-

-

3,360

-

-

-

4,096

3,360

Total

9,682

27,272

4,073

11,529

-

5,460

19,689

3,612

10523

-

52,556

39,284

Sub TAX

Mymensing

-

-

-

-

4,087

-

-

-

-

1,403

4,087

1,403

Rajshahi

-

-

 

 

3,584

-

-

-

-

2,240

3,172

2,501

Natore

-

-

-

-

1,792

-

-

-

-

704

1,792

704

Chapai Nawabgonj

-

-

-

-

1,600

-

-

-

-

384

1,600

384

Naogaon

-

-

-

-

1,376

-

-

-

-

960

1,376

960

Sirajgonj

-

-

-

-

896

-

-

-

-

256

896

256

Noakhali

-

-

-

-

732

-

-

-

-

519

732

519

Faridpur

-

-

-

-

3,050

-

-

-

-

976

3,050

976

Jessore

-

-

-

-

3,808

-

-

-

-

608

3,808

608

Pabna

-

-

-

-

2,528

-

-

-

-

1,095

2,449

1,095

Rangpur

-

-

-

-

1,952

-

-

-

-

1,440

3,172

1,281

Dinajpur

-

-

-

-

2,016

-

-

-

-

672

1,830

976

Sub-Total

 

 

 

 

27,421

 

 

 

 

11257

27,421

11257

GRAND TOTAL

 

9,682

 

27,272

 

4,073

 

11,529

 

27,421

 

5,460

 

19,689

 

3,612

 

10523

 

11257

 

79,977

 

50,541

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.5 Transmission System in Bangladesh :

 

Bangladesh is a riverine country, as the country’s long distance transmission systems are mainly composed of microwave, UHF and VHF radio links. The Optical Fiber is also used in city & some district headquarter areas for interconnecting local exchange and Remote Switching Units (RSU) in multi exchange networks and also for interconnections between switching exchanges and microwave stations. BTTB’s major microwave radio links, as listed in Table-6 are shown in Figure-1 & 2.

 

Table -6

 

Major Backbone Microwave Links as on 30 June, 2007.

 

Link

Type

Radio Channel Capacity

Make

Dhaka–Narsingdi-Brahmanbaria-S. Bazar-Moulavibazar-Sylhet

Digital SDH

STM-1

Nera

Moulavibazar-Habigonj

PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

Sylhet-Sunamgonj

PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

Dhaka-Talibabad-Tangail-Sirajgonj- Bogra

Digital PDH

140 Mb/s

Alcatel

Tangail-Madupur-Mymensingh-Jamalpur

Digital PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

Jamalpur-Sherpur

Digital SDH

STM-1

Siemens

Dhaka- Savar

Digital SDH

STM-1

NEC

Dhaka-Manikgonj-Faridpur-Magura-kushtia

Digital PDH

140 Mb/s

Fujitsu

Dhaka-Narayangonj

Analog

1800 Channel

NEC

Dhaka-Munsigonj Radio Max

Digital PDH

34 Mb/s

Alcatel

Dhaka-Narayangonj-Hazigonj Radio

Analog

1800 Channel

NEC

Chandpur- Hazigonj-Comilla Radio Max

Digital

34 Mb/s

Alcatel

Narayangonj-Hajigonj-Bagumgonj-Jorargonj-Chittagong

Analog

1800 Channel

NEC

Chittagong-Satkania-Chiringa-Cox’s bazar

Digital SDH

STM-1

Harris

Chittagong-Betbunia

Digital PDH

140 Mb/s

Alcatel

Satkania-Bandarban

Digital SDH

140 Mb/s

Alctel

Chittagong- Fatikchhari-Manikchhari-Alutila-Khagrachhari

Digital PDH

34 Mb/s

JRC/ Nera

Cox’s bazzar-Ukhia-Technaf

Digital PDH

34 Mb/s

JRC

Barisal-Bhola- Lakshmipur-

SDH

STM-1

Harris

Khulna-Gopalgonj-Madaripur-Sariatpur

SDH

STM-1

Harris

BarisalJhalkathi-Pirojpur-Bagerhat-Khulna

SDH

STM-1

Harris

BarisalPatuakhali

SDH

STM-1

Harris

Patuakhali- Khepupara

PDH

34 Mb/s

Siemens

Barisal-Patuakhali-Barguna

PDH

34 Mb/s

JRC/Nera

Gauranadi- Madaripur

PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

Barisal-Sripur-Khulna

PDH

34 Mb/s

JRC

Satkhira- Khulna

PDH

8 Mb/s

Harris

Khulna- Mongla

PDH

8 Mb/s

Harris

Dhaka-Manikgonj-Faridpur- Rajbari

Digital SDH

STM-1

Nortel

Magura-Jessore-khulna Radio Max

Digital

140 Mb/s

Fujitsu

Faridpur-Magura-Jhenaidah- Kushtia

Digital

STM-1

Nortel

Jessore-Narail Radio Max

Digital

34 Mb/s

Nera

Khulna-Gopalgonj

Digital PDH

34 Mb/s

Siemens

Bogra-Joypurhat-Phulbari-Dinajpur-Thakoregaon-Atuari

Analog

960 Channel

Fujitsu

Phulbari-Dinajpur-Thakoregaon-Rangpur

Analog

960 Channel

Fujitsu

Bogra-Naogaon-Natore-Pabna-Kushia

Digital SDH

155 Mb/s

Nortel

Natore-Rajshahi

Digital SDH

155 Mb/s

Nortel

Rajshahi-Chapai Nawabgonj

PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

Bogra-Joypurhat

SDH

STM-1

Harris

Bogra-Gobidragonj-Gaibandha

PDH

34 Mb/s

Nera

 

Upazilla Headquarters (the smallest administrative units) are connected with their respective district headquarters through UHF links, most of which are now digital radio systems. Also some of the district headquarters are interconnected through digital UHF links.

 

 

 

 

2.6 Optical Fiber Link :

 

High capacity Optical Fiber System is in operation in the country from the year 1998. The installation work of Optical Fiber networks between Dhaka-Bogra & Dhaka-Munshigonj are in progress. After completion of these networks; BTTB will have a complete backbone Optical Fiber network from Chittagong - Panchagarh. BTTB’s Optical Fiber links is shown in Table-7 and Figure-3.

 

Table -7

Optical Fibre Links as on 30th June, 2007.

 

Links

Type of Links

Made by

Chittagong- Feni-Comilla-Dhaka

STM-16/64

Alcatel

Dhaka- Comilla-Feni

Digital STM-64 SDH

Alcatel

Comilla- B. Baria

Digital STM-1

Alcatel

Feni- Begumgonj

STM-4

Alcatel

Be gumgonj- Laxshmipur

STM-1

Alcatel

Begumgonj -Maizdhi

STM-1

Alcatel

Chittagong-Betbonia E. Station- Rangamati

STM-1

Alcatel

Cox’s bazzar Landing Station-Chiringa-Chittagong

STM-64

Alcatel

Rangpur-Palashbari-Bogra

STM-4/ STM-16

Alcatel

Rangpur- Saidpur- Dinajpur- Thakoregaon- Panchagarh

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Rangpur- Saidpur- Nilphamari

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Rangpur- Lalmonirhat

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Rangpur- Korigram

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Pabna- Shahjadpur-Sirajgonj

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Kushtia- Meherpur- Chuadanga

PDH STM-1

Shanghai Bell/ Alcatel

Kushtia-Ishardi-Pabna

STM-4

Alcatel

Satkhira- Khulna

SDH STM-1

Alcatel

Mymensingh- Sherpur

STM-1

Alcatel

Mymensingh- Netrokona

STM-1

Alcatel

 

All microwave station are connected with nearest telephone exchanges through Optical Fiber links


2.7 International Telecommunication System :

 

International Telecommunication system is one of the media for communication of Bangladesh with overseas countries. It plays a very important role in the development of economic, social and commercial infrastructure of the country. To meet the existing & future demand of overseas traffic, BTTB is continuously trying to increase number of international circuits with other countries. With a view to making international telecommunication facilities quicker & easier, BTTB continuously trying to increase number of international circuits with other countries. By June, 2007 BTTB, through three Satellite Earth Stations at Betbunia, Mohakhali & Sylhet (Table-II), two Microwave links (Dhaka-Calcutta & Dhaka-Nepal) and Submarine Cable established 15,978 international direct circuits with 40 operators of 26 countries as shown in table 8 & 9. Rest of the countries are communicated via transit facilities.

 

Table-8

Overseas Circuits Arrangement of Bangladesh as on June, 2007.

 

SL

no

Country

VFT/ Data CCT

 

BTB E/S

MHK E/S

SYL E/S

M/W

Total

VFT

Data

1.         

Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.         

Bahrain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.         

Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.         

Chaina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.         

France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.         

Germany

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.         

Hongkong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.         

India(Cal)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

India (Delhi)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.         

Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.      

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11.      

Japan(KDD)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan(ITJ)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.      

Korea(KT)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korea(Dacom)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13.      

Kuwait

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.      

Malaysia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.      

Nepal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.      

Netherland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17.      

Oman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.      

Pakistan (KR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19.      

Qatar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20.      

Singapore

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Star Hub(Singapore)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21.      

S. Arabia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22.      

Srilanka

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23.      

Thailand

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24.      

UAE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

UK (BT)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BT IPLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GDXC UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK (C & W)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C&W (Internet)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NTG UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

 

 

USA(MCI)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA(AT&T)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA(Sprint)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA (Startec)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA (ION)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* 10 Mbps Internet Backbone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table-9

Growth of International Voice Circuits

 

Year

Circuit

June, 2003

3,730

June, 2004

6,326

June, 2005

7,347

June, 2006

10,467

June, 2007

15,978

 

Fig. – 4

Growth of Circuits

Fiscal Year

 

Paid minutes of International circuits

Table-10.

 

Year

2002-2003

2003-2004

2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007

Outgoing

76,553,864

102,573,809

218,681,769

234,323,381

280,125,132

Incoming

564,005,295

551,037,557

566,577,975

770,879,014

1600,321,057

Total

640,559,159

653,611,366

785,259,744

1005,202,395

1880.446,189

Fig. - 5

Fiscal Year

 

2.7.1 International Leased Circuits.

 

BTTB's International Leased Circuits directly link customer to a designated overseas location around the globe. A fixed monthly rate makes this service particularly cost effective for customers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.7.2 International telephone call facilities of BTTB.

 

1) International Direct dialing (IDD)

 

Subscribers may call overseas directly without operator assistance. Rates are calculated in 30 seconds units. BTTB also offers economy (reduce) rate from 16-00 GMT to 02-00 GMT & weekly & other Govt. holidays besides its normal rate

 

Normal call charge

Discount call charge

 

From. 02-00 GMT to 16-00 GMT From. 16-00 GMT to 02-00 GMT

& Weekly and Government holidays.

 

2) International Operator Assisted Call.

 

i) Person to Person Call :

 

This is an operator assisted service for placing calls to a specific person. Charges do not begin acquiring until the desired party is reached and the caller is not billed if the party does not answer. BTTB's standard rate applies for the first three minutes and additional two minutes charges for P.P. facilities.

 

ii) Telephone to Telephone call : An operator assisted service for placing call to a specific telephone number is also available. The minimum charge for this call is three minutes .

 

iii) Economy International Direct Dialing (E-IDD) :

 

Subscribers may call, without operators assisted to 55 (Fifty five) overseas countries, namely- Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Malaysia, Singapore, USA, UK, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Brunei, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg, Ireland, Spain, Greece, Austria, Bahamas, Bermuda, Costa-Rica, Cyprus, Gabon, Guam, Macau, Malawi, Puerto Rico, Saipan, san Marino, US Virgin Island, Uzbekistan, Vatican, Argentina, Armenia, Czech Republic, Finland, Japan, Laos, Mongolia, New Zealand, Panama, Poland, Portugal, South Africa, Togo, Turkey, Venezuela & Zambia by dialing “012” code from their telephones.

 

2.7.3 Telecommunication Satellite & Earth Stations:

 

At the advent of cheaper Submarine Cable, the importance of telecommunication via satellite is remarkably reduces till the telecommunication operator using Satellite Earth Station for a countable number of voice and data circuit, so that incase of Submarine Cable emergency telecommunication should not be disputed. To facilitate transmission of incoming & outgoing overseas calls through satellite. BTTB has established 4 Earth stations till to date of which three earth stations are still operation .The first earth station was installed at Betbunia near Chittagong in 1975. At present 1,025 International circuits with 11 countries are working through this earth station. The second earth station was installed in 1982 at Talibabad. This earth station has been taken out of operation. The third earth station which consists of largest International circuit facilities was installed in 1994 at Mohakhali. 6,397 international circuits with 17 countries are working through this earth station. Besides this, 12 Mbps Uplink and 32 Mbps Downlink Internet Backbone connectivity is providing through this Earth Station. The fourth earth station has been established at Sylhet in 1995 by British Telecom assistance to facilitate only UK-Sylhet traffic. 120 International circuits are working through this earth station. Moreover 131 Terrestrial International circuits of 2 countries are working via Microwave. These earth stations operating with INTELSAT satellites which are located in the Indian Ocean Region .

 

Table-11.

 

Name of E/S

Standard

Carrier

Working with INTELSAT

Betbunia

A

IDR

60º E IOR

Mohakhali

A

IDR

64º E IOR

Sylhet

F3

IDR

62º E IOR

 

2.7.4 International Switching Centres:

 

International switching centres are mainly responsible for immediate selecting and connecting the appropriate circuit for incoming calls and sending the necessary information to the receiving country's switch to complete the calls. At present BTTB has four international switching centres (ISC) of which two are located at Mohakhali & one at Moghbazar and one in Sylhet. ISCs of Moghbazar is of type NEAX-61K and NEAX-61E & AXE-10 type ISC at Mohakhali. Another ITX, AXE in type will commence its operation very soon from Moghbazar.

 

2.7.5 International maritime Satellite Communication:

 

INTELSAT satellites links with fixed Earth Stations for overseas communication while INMARSAT (International maritime Satellite Communication) provides mobile communication services for ships and aircrafts. INMARSAT service is the mobile satellite communication system that links the mobile earth station on vessel or aircrafts with land earth stations around the world via INMARSAT satellite in geo-stationery orbit. This service makes it possible to get in touch with virtually any location around the world 24 hours a day with high quality communications ranging from telephone & data communications. Recent development of portable terminal has made it possible for customers to take advantage of INMARSAT service from remote locations also. Till to date BTTB has five INMARSAT-A Terminals which is operating through one LES (Land Earth Station) located in Jeddah. Besides this according to IMN number allocated by BTTB, there are two numbers B-type (Land Mobile), 35 numbers C-type (Maritime Mobile) and 5 numbers Mini-M type Terminal working in commercial basis.

 

2.7.6 Internet & Data network :

 

BTTB is now providing Internet access services to its valued subscribers. The services include dial in access service, leased access services for enterprises, access for local ISPs, mail, Web hosting and .bd name registration and DNS services. Subscribers in all 64 districts H/Q and upazillas/ growth centres having Digital Telephone facility is now under internet coverage. It has Internet backbone connectivity of 4 STM-1 (155 Mbps each) through Singapore & France. Capacity of existing Nodes of digital Data Network (DDN) are expanded to 70 in 41 districts.

 

2.7.7        Submarine Cable :

 

Bangladesh formally has been connected with Information Super Highway through Submarine Cable since May, 2006. At present; 8,305 International Voice Circuits are in operation with different countries through Submarine Cable and 4 STM-1 are designated for Internet Backbone through Singapore & France. About 15 IPLC circuit have been opened with fifteen Companies. In the mean time, 66 ISP (International Service Providers) have been connected through Submarinr Cable System. This Submarine Cable will pay an important role in ICT development & development of overseas voice communication. Software export, data entry, call center services, e-commerce, tele-madicine, tele-education. e-government and other entertainment services like Games, Chat, Video on demand, information download and VOIP services are the other enhanced utilities of the Submarine Cable Sytem and these are gradually getting popular in our country. Besides these, installation of ITX, TAX, Access Network, VOIP Platform under this project is under process.

 

2.7.8 International Correspondence :

 

International Telecommunication also depends on countries sharing their information with the rest of the world. Close working relationships among different international organization and a spirit of international co-operation are essential in this regard. By strengthening relationship with various international organizations BTTB aims to contribute to the advancement of International telecommunication in Bangladesh. In this context BTTB maintains relation with International and Regional groups like International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Intelsat, INMARSAT, APT, SEA-ME-WE-4 etc. for sharing the service facilities and responding to the requests of mutual interest.


 

3.0 PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES.

 

3.1 Growth of Telephone in Bangladesh

 

The growth of telephone exchange capacity in Bangladesh in the last five years was on average only more than one lakh line per year. The recorded pending demand of telephone has a trend of decreasing during this period. Table-12 & Fig.-6 show the past trend of telephone growth in Bangladesh from 2002-2003 to 2006-2007 financial years.

 

Table - 12

Telephone Growth in Bangladesh.

 

Year

Type of

Exchange

Number of

Exchange

Exchange

Capacity

Telephone

Connection

Pending

Demand

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Total

668

7,46,078

6,05,931

2,11,111

 

2002-2003

Manual

Auto(Analog)

Auto(Digital)

359

53

240

33,260

18,820

868,913

26,045

13,640

677,036

24,017

6,592

171,243

 

 

Total

652

920,993

716,721

201,852

 

2003-2004

Manual

Auto(Analog)

Auto(Digital)

324

43

271

30,953

17,700

917,696

22,948

11,495

775,715

20,572

6,055

150,115

 

 
Total
638

966,349

810,158

176,742

 

2004-2005

Manual

Auto(Analog)

Auto(Digital)

298

45

355

27,100

17,400

965,509

18,659

10,999

827,700

16,657

5,914

116,842

 

Total
698

1010,009

857,358

139,413

 

2005-2006

Manual

Auto(Analog)

Auto(Digital)

217

32

484

18,388

12,600

1172,069

11,815

8,167

869,192

 

94,461

 

Total

731

1203,057

889,174

94,461

 

2006-2007

Manual

Auto(Analog)

Auto(Digital)

148

09

554

9,720

1,300

1317,793

4,526

341

877,522

 

51,335

 

Grand Total
711

1328,813

877,522

51,335

 

Fig. - 6

TELEPHONE GROWTH IN BANGLADESH


3.2 List of projects in the ADP (Annual Development Programme) of BTTB.

 

Following projects under BTTB are included in the Annual Development Program (ADP) during the fiscal year 2006-2007.

 

1.       2,66,000 lines Digital Telephone Installation (Including conversion of 76,000 lines to digital system)

2.       Installation/ expansion of digital telephone exchanges in various districts of Bangladesh (Under PR China Credit)

3.       Establishment of International Telecommunications System through Submarine Cable.

4.       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges at Chittagong, Khulna and Sylhet (Under EDCF, Korea Loan)

5.       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges at Upazilla and Growth Centres.

6.       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges in Metropolitan Cities & Important district Head Quarter and upazilla/ growth centre.

7.       10 (Ten) Lac T&T Mobile Telephone (1st Phase-2.5 Lakh).

8.       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges at Keraniganj Upazilla in Dhaka District.

9.       Introduction of Pre-Paid Services by BTTB.

 

3.3              Progress made by above enlisted 9 projects of BTTB in 2006-2007 fiscal year.

 

3.3.1        266,000 lines Digital Telephone Installation (Including conversion of 76,000 lines to digital).

 

Following works were done under this project during 2006-2007:

 

a)      Installation of Dhaka-Mymensingh-Tangail-Sirajgonj-Bogra STM-4 Optical Fiber Cable Link have been completed.

b)      Expansion works of Dhaka-Manikgonj-Faridpur-Magura-Jhenaidah-Kustia, Magura-Jessore-Khulna & Kustia-Pabna-Natore-Bogra SDH digital microwave link (3+1) have been started under this project..

 

3.3.2 Installation/ expansion of digital telephone exchanges in various districts of Bangladesh (Under PR China Credit)

 

Following works were done under this project during 2006-2007:

 

(a)                Construction of Telecom. towers at Teknuf, Fulgazi, Sowagzzi, Debidar, Ashugonj, khasmuthurapur & Sakhipur.

(b)                OSP Copper Cable Networks Expansion works at Manikgonj, Saturia, Shibalaya, Tangail, Nagarpur & Kalihati.

 

3.3.3        Establishment of International Telecommunications System through Submarine Cable.

 

Following works under this project were done in 2006-2007 financial year :

 

Bangladesh formally has been connected with Information Super Highway through Submarine Cable since May, 2006. International Voice Circuits have been increased by an additional number of 8884 circuits. IPLC (International Private Leased Circuit) has been opened with three companies. BTTB is connected with Singapore & France for Internet through 4 STM-1 (each direction 2 STM-1). BTTB is earning revenue through Submarine Cable. Installation of one International Trunk Exchange (ITX) is nearly completed. This will enhance the overseas voice communication. The Internet Bandwidth capacity of BTTB has been increased through up-gradation of IP Core Data Network. Installation of NGN TAX (Next Generation Trunk Auto Exchange) is going on. It will enhance the inter district Telecommunication facilities. Access Network through Copper Cable, Optical Fiber, x-DSL, Wi-MAX is under process with a view to bring broadband connectivity & other facilities of the Submarine Cable System to the door-step of the subscribers. This Submarine Cable will play an important role in ICT development & development of overseas voice communication. Software export, data entry, call center services, e-commerce, tele-madicine, tele-education. e-governance and other entertainment services like Games, Chat, Video on demand, information download and VOIP services are the other enhanced utilities of the Submarine Cable System and those are gradually getting popular in our country.

 

 

3.3.4       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges at Chittagong, Khulna and Sylhet (Under EDCF, Korea Loan) :

 

Installation of Out Side Plant (Copper cable Subscriber access networks) is carried out under GoB fund. The first phase of OSP (Out Side Plant) works has been completed in the 2006-07 financial year. Total 87,000 primary pairs were installed at various exchanges of Chittagong, Khulna & Sylhet city.

3.3.5       Installation of Digital Telephone Exchanges at Upazilla and Growth Centres

 

During the financial year 2006-07, 12 MSUs (Main Switching Units) and 65 RSUs (Remote Switching Units) have been installed under this project. Beside this, land acquisition work at 5 (Five) places, 26 (Twenty six) new exchange building construction & OSP work at 80 (Eighty) places have been done. List of MSUs, RSUs & corresponding capacities are given bellow :

 

MSUs

RSUs

Sl No.

Name of District

Capacity

Sl. No.

Name of Upazilla/ Growth centre

Capacity

1.

Dhaka

-

1

Nawabgonj

500

2.

Narayango

-

2

Bandar

1000

3.

Munshigonj

-

3

Gazaria

250

4.

Manikgonj (New)

500

4.

Ghior

500

5.

Norsindi

-

5.

Madhabdibazar

1500

6.

Tangail

-

6.

Mirzapur

1000

7.

Jamalpur

-

7.

Madargonj

250

8

Sherpur

-

8

Shribardi

500

9.

Rajbari(New)

500

9

Baliakandi

500

10.

Madaripur

-

10

Kalkini

250

11.

Shariatpur (New)

500

11

Janjira

250

12.

Chittagong

-

12

Satkania

1000

13

Raujan

1000

14

Banskhali

500

15

Fatikchari

750

16

Rangunia

500

17

Sandwip

500

13.

Comilla

-

18

Brahmanpara

500

14.

Brahmanbaria

-

19

Sarail

500

15.

Noakhali (New)

2000

20

HAtia

500

21

Begumgonj

1000

16.

Laxmipur (New)

-

22

Ramgati

500

17.

Rajshahi

-

23

Kakonhat (GC)

250

24

Mondumala (GC)

250

18.

Bogra

-

25

Dupchacia

500

26

Kahalu

500

27

Bagbari (GC)

250

28

Talora (GC)

500

19.

Jaipurhat (New)

-

29

Kalai

500

30

Khetlal

250

20.

Pabna

-

31

Bhangura

500

32

Kashinathpur(GC)

500

21.

Sirajgonj

-

33

Kamarkhand

500

22.

Nilphamari

-

34

Kishoregonj

500

23.

Dinajpur

-

35

Phulbari

1000

24.

Panchagarh

-

36

Atwari

250

 

 

 

 

 

25.

Khulna

-

37

Paikgacha

1000

38

Batiaghata

250

39

Dacope

500

40

Terokhada

250

41

Dumuria

500

42

Phultala

750

26.

.

Bagerhat

-

43

Fakirhat

1000

44

Chitalmari

250

45

Kachua

250

46

Sharankhola(Raenda)

250

27.

Satkhira (New)